School Choice

State Support for School Choice and Other Options

Many states have adopted legislation enabling the operation of year-round schools or public charter schools, the latter of which operate with varying degrees of independence from state education agencies in exchange for increased accountability for student performance. The tables in this section provide information on states' policies concerning year-round and charter school systems. Additional national information about school choice and homeschooling is available from the NCES.

Charter School Accountability Under ESSA

This education Policy Analysis provides a brief overview of school accountability over the past several years, and then discusses how the Every Student Succeeds Act’s (ESSA’s) accountability provisions apply to charter schools. It also provides examples of how states are addressing charter schools in their draft ESSA state plans.


EdChoice is a national leader in school choice research. We publish dozens of studies, surveys, legislative analyses and blog posts each year to help the public, the media and key stakeholders understand how school choice is affecting families and students across the United States and internationally.

Interactive Guide to School Choice

Welcome to NCSL’s Interactive Guide to School Choice. School choice comes in many different forms and all 50 states plus the District of Columbia provide parents the ability to send their child to a school outside their neighborhood in some way. Charter schools, magnet schools, open enrollment programs and state turnaround districts all provide public school options to parents. School vouchers, education savings accounts and scholarship tax credit programs expand those choices to include private schools.

National Alliance for Public Charter Schools

The National Alliance for Public Charter Schools (National Alliance) is the leading national nonprofit organization committed to advancing the public charter school movement. Our mission is to lead public education to unprecedented levels of academic achievement by fostering a strong charter movement.

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